May we suggest these ideas? Have a safe and happy Halloween from everyone at CoachDeck!
More great stuff from our partner, PHIT America.org. According to various studies, workers who are in shape and healthy are far less likely to miss work than those who are not fit. Companies that do things such as provide healthy meals and gym memberships to workers see a productivity boost that more than offsets the associated costs. Read the article here.
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I was talking with one of my son’s former baseball coaches who is now coaching college women’s softball. I asked him what the difference was between coaching the two genders. He said, “Guys need to play well to feel good. Girls need to feel good to play well.” It is a great line. But is it possible that the explanation is that simple?
As a father of three sons and a daughter, I’ve coached a lot more boys than girls. But I have coached enough girls in soccer and softball to know there are some differences, but there are also similarities between them.
I was involved with my boys teams all the way up through high school, but by the time my daughter was thirteen she was playing soccer full-time and had professional instruction. So while I don’t have personal experience coaching teenage girls, this is what I have observed with the younger ones.
Girls, by nature, are more communal. I’ve looked into the dugout during games that I thought were pretty important and observed girls sitting on each other’s laps. Or braiding a teammate’s hair. I had to to make an adjustment to that. Boys were expected to be focused 100% on the game, to be displaying their game face. With girls, I guess it is important that they have their game hair.
This is not to say that girls want to win less or don’t try. I coached many girls who had more intensity than some of the boys on my teams. But the male players I oversaw seemed to be more about winning and performance first, and friendship second. Many of the females were the reverse. I also remember the first time I coached girls of six and seven years old, after having done so previously with three sons, and observing how much more quickly the girls learned things and how I never had to correct their behavior. That’s a big difference. Through all the seasons I coached girls, I don’t remember ever having to ask girls to pay attention or stop fooling around. Boys were more of a challenge in that regard.
Emotions are also a distinction between the genders. I once had a young lady on my softball team, Tracy. Phenomenal player. A catcher. The only girl I ever coached who legitimately could have played with the boys in the local Little League and made the all-star team – at least defensively. She was so good that I felt I could push her a little more than some of the others, and I expected more. But one time she made a mistake on a throw that cost us a run and, while I didn’t raise my voice, I expressed my disappointment. And she shocked me. She started to cry. I had thought she was tough as nails – impervious, but I had unintentionally crossed over a line. I’d reprimanded boys much, much more sternly and never gotten waterworks, but this mild rebuke reduced Tracy to tears. Thinking about it now, is it possible that I never had that reaction from any of the boys I coached only because boys are taught early in life not to cry? Maybe some of them were crying inside. I sure hope not.
What got me thinking about this topic is my daughter’s soccer team. She’s a junior in high school now. Her team is one of the best in the country, recently ranked third nationally, and all of the girls have committed to Division One schools to play in college. So this isn’t a friendly rec team. They have a new coach and I have to say that through all of my years of my sons’ sports – football, baseball and basketball – I have never seen a coach who yells like this guy. And I’m not talking about exhorting the girls to do better. I mean angry, aggressive, non-stop criticism of play during the game. A few weeks ago, as I walked up a couple minutes into the start of a game, one of the other players’ dads came straight over to me and complained that the coach had been yelling at his daughter and my daughter before I arrived. I laughed a little hoping to lighten the tension and said I thought that was good for them. He didn’t agree or think it was funny. His comment was that these were girls, not boys and you had to handle them differently. I mentioned that they’re all going to be playing high-stakes soccer in college soon and that they probably weren’t going to be coddled there. But he was not interested in that point of view and stalked off.
Fast forward to the next game. The coach was on all of the girls again, but especially this guy’s daughter. He really called her out multiple times. The fans, on the opposite side of the field from the players and coaches, got to hear this dad calling the coach every name – and I do mean every name – in the book. I ignored him. But several parents approached me and asked what I thought. It seemed that the opinions were split pretty much down the middle. Some felt the guy was being too hard on the girls, others said that they didn’t mind his attempts to toughen them up.
At one point our coach got so angry at this player that he switched her to his side and screamed, “Come over here so I can keep an eye on you!” I have to admit, in light of the way he’d been treating her all game, even I thought he might have finally gone too far with this remark. But then, less than a minute later, the girl made an incredibly aggressive play, stole the ball and took a world-class sprinter run towards the net. Only a phenomenal save by the keeper prevented it from being one of the most unbelievable goals I’d ever witnessed. Would she have made that play regardless of the “coaching” she’d been getting? Or had the coach found a way to tap into something deep inside her? I don’t know. Maybe the timing was coincidental. And, if you’re wondering, I asked my daughter if the yelling bothered her and she looked at me like I was crazy and without hesitation said, “No.” But then again, so far, she isn’t getting nearly the dose that some other girls are.
No one – boy or girl – likes getting yelled at, I’m sure we can all agree with that. And everyone does enjoy being praised. And I’m sure we would all agree also that a great coach finds a balance between negative motivation and positive reinforcement. It can’t just be all one or the other. But when it comes to techniques for working with young athletes a great coach knows how to get the best out of everyone, regardless of gender.
Brian Gotta is a former professional youth baseball coach and current volunteer Little League coach and board member. He is the President of CoachDeck and also author of four youth sports novels which can be found at www.sportsbooks4kids.com. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Below is Part Two of Alan Jaeger’s Off Season Workout. If you missed Part One, click here.
Long Tossing Indoors (into a net if necessary)
Where surgical tubing can help make a significant difference in your ability to both properly warm up and condition the arm without picking up a baseball, getting distance (Long Toss), even in a restricted space, is crucial. Though it may seem very limiting if the length of your facility is no longer than 120 feet the reality is that with a little patience and creativity (and an indoor net), there are ways to get the necessary distance that the arm so desperately needs during this 3-5 month indoor period (as you will see, you can actually throw the ball as far as you want on any given day).
Here’s how it’s done:
Assuming you’ve done a very thorough Arm Care/Surgical Tubing warm up, use the first 5 minutes to have your players play normal catch as if they were outdoors (the first 5 minutes of warm up should come pretty quickly due to the increased work load with the surgical tubing). I would assume that if your players are in good shape they will get out to 120 feet in 6-8 minutes. Once they’ve hit the wall of the indoor facility (ie 120 feet), they can stay there as long as they desire, especially if that’s all the distance they want on that given day (ie they bull-penned the day before). But if it’s a Long Toss day, they should come back in to a net (again, this is assuming you have an indoor batting cage/net) and finish their throwing program the following way: Just as you would expect with regular Long Toss, the more stretched out your arm feels the farther you are going to throw the ball, and the more your going to need to raise your angle. Therefore, as your arm gets looser, keep aiming slightly higher on the net as if you are simulating the same angle as if you were throwing outdoors.
For example, at 60 feet, there is no real angle yet, but as you “move back” in theory every ten feet, your might move your target up one degree or so ( a few inches). That would suggest that after you “moved back” to 100 more feet, your new focal point is raised up to about 10 degrees on the net. Thus, if you were able to throw outdoors as far as 300 feet, your angle up should be approximately 30-35 degrees. Naturally, distance and angle may vary from player to player but the bottom line is that in time, you’ll start to know how high to aim, depending on “how far out you would have gone outdoors”, and how many throws you need to make at each increment. The idea is pretty simple — the more stretched out your arm becomes the more you raise your focal point. As you take your arm through the same motions as if you were long tossing outdoors you will begin to notice that you are getting the same sensation you’re accustomed to feeling at 120 feet, 200 feet, 240 feet and 300 feet. If you are someone who is already intimate with your arm these sensations should come pretty quickly.
Once you get to your desired distance and feel completely stretched out, it is time for the “pull down” or downhill phase of Long Toss (if that is what your workload is that day). This is the time when you would normally come “back in towards” your throwing partner if you were outdoors. So, to simulate this pull down phase into the net imagine that you were coming in toward your partner in 10 foot increments with each passing throw (so it would take you 24 throws, or 240 feet, to go from 300 feet to 60 feet). With each throw, simply lower your focal point on the net by one degree or so, and keep lowering this focal point until you are back to 60 feet. Once back at 60 feet, you may begin to notice that in order to maintain your furthest throw that day (e.g. 250 + feet) you actually have to aim lower than chest height to keep the ball on a line. This is because you are compressing a great deal of distance (250 + feet) into a very short space (60-65 feet). Another way of saying this is to aim 20-30 degrees downhill (your partners waist) and make sure you are maintaining your furthest throw (by not decelerating) and the ball should end up no higher than chest height or so. This lower focal point will teach the body (mind) how to be explosive downhill and how to not decelerate. And if you’re a pitcher, and you want to work on getting even more leverage out in front, simply lower your focal point down to your throwing partners shins or toes (see jaegersports.com/articles) and see if you can get it to where the ball is ending up at knee height. Again, it all comes down to lowering your focal point and not decelerating in order to maximize the compression of your furthest throw into your shortest throw; to be in the best position possible to have optimal leverage downhill with explosiveness. If you are a position player you can aim a at your partners belt line (which should equate to the ball ending up at your partners chest if done correctly).
Note: once you come back to approximately 120 feet with your pull downs into the net, it would be ideal to go back out with your throwing partner to the 120 foot range in the gym and finish your pull down phase back in to 60 feet with your partner. Naturally, throwing the ball to someone rather than into the net will give you more realistic feedback.
By the end of your pull downs, you will have taken your arm through the same Long Toss throwing routine as if you were outdoors, without any height or distance restrictions. In essence, what the arm needs is full range of motion uphill and downhill just as if it had been throwing outdoors without any restrictions. This ability to “stretch” the arm out thoroughly, and “pull down” aggressively through a well prepared arm is what allows the arm to best condition — it’s what allows the arm to evolve, rather than regress indoors.
A Smoother Transition into the Spring
What you do during the time you are forced indoors is not only crucial to the development and maintenance of a players arm, but also, to allowing pitchers/players to make a smooth transition into the Spring when they do go outdoors. Remember, when players get outdoors after being indoors for months they are often excited and in a “hurry” to get going. If their base was not maintained and strengthened well indoors you may have a lot of players vulnerable to breaking down simply because they have gone from 1st gear to 5th gear in a couple of days. When a pitcher/player rushes into shape the first thing that tends to suffer is recovery period, which is also a sign of poor conditioning (poor recovery period is a sign that the arm is heading into a precarious position). In either case, players who didn’t do the proper work to condition and maintain the health, strength and endurance of their arm indoors are very vulnerable to not only losing arm strength, but to breaking down.
Conditioning the arm indoors through the Fall/Winter months is imperative. Emphasizing Surgical Tubing/Arm Care exercises is Step 1.…Step 2 is Long Toss. Though it may seem difficult to throw 300 feet into a 120 foot space it can be done. Put rather bluntly, there is no substitution for distance throwing (Long Toss) — it, along with Surgical Tubing exercises, is the most important factor in the development and maintenance of a players arm throughout the Fall/Winter months, and to best ensure a safe transition period into the Spring. Again, it’s all about making the time and being creative. Now that you are aware that there is a way to condition and develop your players arms thoroughly, despite the “limits“ of being forced indoors for a rather significant period of time, you can do something about it.
Alan Jaeger has consulted with several high school/college programs including UCLA, Arizona and Cal State Fullerton, and MLB Organizations including the Texas Rangers, Los Angeles Angels and Cleveland Indians. For more information about Jaeger Sports and their products (“Thrive On Throwing 2” DVD or Digital Download, J-Bands and Mental Training Book, “Getting Focused, Staying Focused”), please visit their website at www.jaegersports.com or call 310-665-0746. You may also download additional articles/videos at http://www.jaegersports.com/press_articles.php/, and Youtube, keyword jaeger sports. Twitter: @jaegersports